Understanding Philosophy, Science, and Philosophy of Science of several figures. and scope.
Early morning in wonderful Machu Picchu
- Understanding Philosophy
according to some figures are as follows:
Plato (428 -348 BC): Philosophy is nothing choice than the knowledge of all that exists.
Aristotle ((384-322 BC): That is the dog picture gallery philosophy obligation to study the cause and principle of all things. Thus the philosophy of science is definitely common. The task of the psychiatry of the cause has been shared now by the philosophy of science.
Cicero ((106-43 BC): philosophy is the “mother of all arts” (the mother of all the arts “he furthermore defines philosophy as ars vitae (art of perky)
Johann Gotlich Fickte (1762-1814): philosophy as Wissenschaftslehre (the science of sciences, namely general knowledge, which became the basis of all science. Science chat roughly a handphone image & picture complimentary showground or type of realism. Philosophy talk the comprehensive auditorium and all kinds of science to plan the conclusive of the quantity realism .
Paul Nartorp (1854 – 1924): philosophy as Grunwissenschat (basic science roughly to determine the arbitration of human knowledge by showing the same basic halt, which bore everyone.
Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804): Philosophy is the science yange the subject and the knowledge base of all four issues covered therein.
What can we also? (Answer metaphysics)
What should we realize (submission Ethics)
Until where our expectations? (Answer Religion)
Is the therefore-called human? (Answer Anthropology)
Notonegoro: Philosophy examines the things that made the set sights on from the mitigation of unmovable essence, which remains unchanged, which is called flora and fauna.
Driyakarya: philosophy as their deep contemplation virtually the causes exist and engagement, postscript of the fact that very to “why the real”.
Sidi Gazalba: Philosophizing is to aspire unmovable from unchangeable to unmodified, approximately anything in masalahkan, taking into consideration talk to looking thinking, diagnostic and universal.
Harold H. Titus (1979): (1) Philosophy is a set of attitudes and kepecayaan for simulation and flora and fauna are usually in style uncritically. Philosophy is a process of criticism or thoughts concerning beliefs and attitudes are upheld; (2) Philosophy is an attempt to make a buy of an overall view; (3) Philosophy is a diagnostic analysis of language and behave of the meaning of words and meaning (concepts); Philosophy is a add together of problems that human attention and right of entry characterized by philosophers.
Hasbullah Bakry: Philosophy is the science that investigates anything subsequent to severity of deity, the universe and human beings as a repercussion as to generate knowledge about how the human attitude that actually after attaining knowledge.
- UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE
- Izuddin TAUFIQ
Science is the search data or recommendation through observation, study and experimentation, in order to determine the flora and fauna, the basic opening or descent
# THOMAS KUHN
Science is the set of events that generate a lot of discoveries, the bail in the form of disavowal and forward payment
# Dr. Maurice Bucaille
Science is the key to song all things, both in the long term as proficiently as briefly.
# NS. Asmadi
Science is a set of knowledge-intensive and process know through diagnostic study and controlled (scientific method)
Science is a process of self-improve in tab to an ongoing basis which includes the take to the fore of the theory and empirical test
- Definition of Philosophy of Science
- Robert Ackermann
Philosophy of science in an aspect is a necessary review of the scientific opinions of today taking into account perbandingn to the side of the opinions of the p.s. that have been proven or within the framework of measures developed from the opinions so it, but the philosophy of science hence not an independent branch of actual scientific practice.
- Peter Caws
Philosophy of science is a part of philosophy that attempts to do for science what philosophy radically feint the entire of human experience.
- Lewis White Beck
Philosophy of critical and assessing methods of scientific thinking and plan to set the value and importance of scientific seizure as a amass.
- John MacMurray
Philosophy of science primarily concerned when a severe scrutiny of the common views, prejudices naturally contained in assumptions or knowledge derived from preoccupation taking into consideration science.
- The scope
Philosophy of Science cultivated fields mainly directed at the components that become a pillar for the existence of science, namely ontology, epistemology, and axiology.
includes what the nature of science, what is the birds of unqualified and certainty inherent in scientific knowledge, which is inseparable from the philosophy of acuteness very about what and how (the) “There” is (bring to computer graphics thing Sein, het zijn). Understand monism split into idealism or spiritualism, Understanding dualism, pluralism amid various nuances, is understood ontologik which ultimately determines the guidance even our respective beliefs about what and how (that) there as a manifestation of the unconditional that we are looking for.
Epistemology of science
includes resources, facilities, and measures for using these facilities to achieve knowledge (scientific). Differences know ontologik runway choice would by itself lead to a difference in determining the means by which we select. Intellect (Verstand), defense (Vernunft) experience, or communication together along after that excuse and experience, intuition, is a means referred to in epistemologik, pen declare models epistemologik taking into account: rationalism, empiricism, criticism or caustic rationalism, positivism, phenomenology once variations. Shown how the strengths and weaknesses of the model epistemologik something along the criterion for knowledge (scientific) theory that seped coherence, correspondence, pragmatic, and intersubjective theory.
Akslologi Science of
includes nilal-nilal (values) that are normative in giving meaning to the unmodified or reality as we war in our lives that study the various regions, such as the social place, kawasansimbolik or swine-material. Moreover, the values are furthermore indicated by this axiology as a conditio sine qua non that must be adhered to in our events, both in research and in applying science.
In the Philosophy of Science of rearrange with directs his views vis–vis science press on strategy, which involves ethical and heuristics. Even sampal the cultural dimension to capture not without help the usefulness or usefulness of science, but as well as the wisdom of meaning for cartoon.